八年级英语期末测试题

发布时间:2021-08-20
八年级英语期末测试题

  八年级学生英语期末考试是学校英语教学活动中十分重要的环节。这是小编整理的八年级英语期末测试题,希望你能从中得到感悟!

  英语期末测试题

  (范围8a—8b unit1 满分;120分 考试时间;100分钟)

  第i卷 (选择题,共66分)

  一、 听力(共15小题;每小题1分,计15分。)

  第一部分 听对话,回答问题。

  本部分共有5道小题,每小题你将听到一段对话, 每段对话听两遍。

  1. who has a big nose?

  a. jim does. b. jack does. c. both jim and jack.

  2. where is paul going?

  a. to a cinema. b. to a museum. c. to a hospital.

  3. where are the two speakers?

  a. in the bus.b. at the bus stop. c. in the children’s house.

  4. how many hectares(公顷)does the nature reserve have?

  a. 210,000 . b.21,000 . c. 2,100,000.

  5. which team won the game?

  a. the rockets. b. the usa. c. the lakers.

  第二部分 听对话或短文,回答问题。(听两遍)

  听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

  6. how is the weather in beijing tomorrow?

  a. snowy. b. sunny. c. windy.

  7.how many seasons are mentioned(提到)in the conversation?

  a. one. b. two. c. three.

  听短文,回答8-10题。请根据短文内容,选择正确答案,完成信息记录表。

  9.00am meet at ____8______

  ___9____ bus leaves

  10.a m arrive at zhalong nature reserve

  11.45am get on the bus in front of ____10____

  8. a. the school gate b. the cinema gate c. wildlife restaurant

  9. a. 9.15am b. 9.20am c. 9.25am

  10. a. wildlife restaurant b. the school restaurant c. zhalong restaurant

  听短文,回答11-15题。

  11. whose house did the hole lead to?

  a. a mouse’s. b. the little mouse’s. c. the snake’s.

  12. what were the snakes doing?

  a. they were sleeping. b. they were chatting. c. they were eating.

  13. how did the little mouse’s mother feel?

  a. she felt s leepy. b. she felt afraid of the snakes.

  c. she wasn’t afraid of the snakes.

  14. when did the story take place?

  a. on a winter afternoon b. on an autumn morning.

  c. on a winter morning.

  15. what can we learn from the story?

  a. snakes never eat mice. b. snakes usually sleep in winter.

  c. mice like to live next to snakes.

  二、 单项选择(共15小题,每小题1分,计15分)

  16.i saw___elephant in the street yesterday.it was my first time to see___biggest animal on land.

  a. an; a b.a; a c. an; the d. a; the

  17. the students in our cla ss aren’t as _____ as those in yours. but they are _______.

  a. cleverer; hard-working b. clever; more hard-working

  c. cleverer; more hard-working d. clever; hard-working

  18. my father _________someone to come and help us when you _______ us yesterday.

  a. rang, saw b. rang, were seeing c.was ring, saw d. was ringing, saw

  19. we don’t know anything new about mary. i haven’t _____ her ______ last year.

  a.seen,/ b. saw, in c. seen, since d. seen, in

  20. he often does everything ______. no one knows what he plans ______.

  a. himself, to do b. himself, do c. herself, to do d. herself, do

  21. we often heard peter and his friends _________ in his room last term.

  a. sing b. to sing c. sings d. singing

  22. “ he often offers the children in need some help ” the sentence structure is _______

  a. s+v+o b. s+v+p c. s+v+o+oc d. s+v+io+do

  23. now lots of teenagers spend a lot of time playing computer games.

  yes. teachers and their parents should prevent them _________ too much.

  a. to play b. play c. plays d. playing

  24. i don’t know if it _________ tomorrow. we won’t go shopping if it ____________.

  a. will rain; rains b. rains; will rain c. will rain; will rain d. rains; rains

  25.is she ________ in geography? no, she isn’t. she shows no _______ in this subject.

  a. interesting; interested b. interested; interested

  c. interested; interest d. interest; interesting

  26. have you seen my cake? yes,i _________________it .

  a.eat b. have just ate c. was eating d have just eaten

  27. animals are in danger and there will be space for them if we don’t

  take any actions.

  a. more and more, more and more b. less and less, less and less

  c. more and more, less and less d. less and less, more and more

  28. _____________late for school again, tim!---sorry, i_____________.

  a. don’t; won’t b. don’t be; won’t c. don’t be; don’t d. don’t; will

  29. i hope all of you good results in this final exam.

  a. to get b. can get c. getting d. got

  30. this morning mum said to me“ it’s going to rain. don’t forget ______ a raincoat”.

  a. to bring b. to take c. bringing d. taking

  三、完型填空(共10小题;每小题1分,计10分。)

  yesterday evening, when i went to town 31 my mother, we met a strange old man. it was raining 32 and we had no umbrella. we were trying to 33 a taxi when he came up to us. he was carrying a nice umbrella and he said that he would give 34 for only a pound. he had forgotten his wallet, he said he needed a taxi to go back home. my mother didn't believe what he had said at first, and 35 him a lot of questions. but she finally believed the man and gave him the pound. she was happy to 36 a good umbrella for so little. but the old man didn't get into a taxi. we walked 37 him and found he went into a pub and bought himself a glass of 38 with the pound. after he drank it, he 39 his hat and took up one of the many wet umbrellas there and went off with the new one. soon after that, he 40 it again. mum said “this old man wasn’t kind, no one won’t have pity on him if he always does like this ”

  31. a. in b. near c. by d. with

  32. a. hard b. big c. heavy d. small

  33. a. get out of b. get up c. get into d. get off

  34. a. it us b. it to us c. us it d. us to it

  35. a. showed b. lent c. asked d. borrowed

  36. a. have b. buy c. see d. make

  37. a. with b. for c. before d. after

  38. a. orange b. tea c. coffee d. whiskey

  39. a. put on b. took off c. put up d. put down

  40. a. lost b. dropped c. sold d. wore

  四、 阅读理解(共13小题,每小题2分,计26分)

  a

  we surveyed(调查)300 young people on what they like to do at weekends. one hundred people are from the ages of 11-18, one hundred 19-26 a nd one hundred 27-35. the following shows their answers:

  41. how many people enjoy playing computer games in the 11-18 group?

  a. 20 b. 50 c. 75 d. 80

  42. the people of 19- 26 likes ______ best.

  a. watching tv b. going to the movies

  c. playing computer games d. taking a walk

  43. which two activities do most of the people doing?

  a.playing computer games and watching tv

  b.playing computer games and taking a walk.

  c.watching tv and going to the movies.

  d.playing computer games and going to the movies.

  44. we know young people don’t like______.

  a. watching tv b. taking a walk

  c. going to the movies d. playing computer games

  45. which of the following is true?

  a.the people between 11-18 don’t like taking a walk.

  b.the people of 27-35 like watching tv best.

  c.people between 19-26 don’t like playing computer games at all.

  d.the people between 11-18 like watching tv best.

  b

  when some plates(版块) of the earth move suddenly, an earthquake happens.many earthquakes begin under the sea. earthquakes may happen anywhere on the earth. they often happen near the mountains.

  during the ear thquake, the shakings make rocks rise suddenly and even

  crack(断裂)open. houses fall, people are killed or hurt, and sometimes the whole villages or cities are destroyed. can we do something to keep ourselves safe from earthquakes? scientists have studied earthquakes and make maps that show the “ earthquakes belts(带)” in areas in these belts, it’s possible for earthquakes to happen. in these areas we should build strong houses to fight against earthquakes.

  in the future, scientists will be able to tell when and where an earthquake will before they happen. they can also tell people what to do and how to do it.

  46. a large number of earthquakes often happen_________________.

  a. in the area b. on land c. at night d. next to mountains

  47. the reason for an earthquake is ______________________.

  a. the result of rock sudden movement b. rocks’ cracking open

  c. that there are so many plates on the earth. d. that the sea is too deep.

  48.a map showing the earthquake belts will tell people __________________.

  a. what kind of houses to build

  b. what kind of houses can stay up in an earthquake

  c. where earthquakes may happen

  d. how to keep themselves safe during the earthquake

  49.in the future we’ll be no longer so afraid of earthquakes_____________.

  a. with the help of scientists’exact predication(预报).

  b.because of a map showing the “earthquake belts”

  c. because we can guess the date and place of earthquakes

  d. as scientists know what to do and how to do it.

  c

  years ago, i lived in a building in a large city. the building next door was only a few feet away from mine. there was a woman who lived there, whom i had never met, yet i could see her seated by her window each afternoon, sewing or reading.

  after several months had gone by, i began to notice that her window was dirty. everything was unclear through the dirty window. i would say to myself, “i wonder why that woman doesn't wash her window. it really looks terrible.”

  one bright morning i decided to clean my flat, including washing the window on the inside.late in the afternoon when i finished the cleaning, i sat down by the window with a cup of coffee for a rest. what a surprise! across the way, the woman sitting by her window was clearly visible. her window was clean!

  then it dawned on me. i had been criticizing (批评) her dirty window, but all the time i was watching hers through my own dirty window.that was quite an important lesson for me. how often had i looked at and criticized others through the dirty window of my heart, through my own shortcomings?since then, whenever i wanted to judge (评判) someone, i asked myself first, “am i looking at him through my own dirty window?”then i try to clean the window of my own world so that i may see the world about me more clearly.

  50. the writer couldn't see everything clearly through the window because_____.

  a. the woman's window was dirty  b. the writer's window was dirty

  c. the woman lived nearby  d. the writer was near-sighted

  51. the writer was surprised that_____.

  a. the woman was sitting by her window

  b. the woman's window was clean

  c.the woman did cleaning in the afternoon

  d.the woman's window was still terrible

  第ii卷 (非选择题,共54分)

  d.任务型阅读.根据短文内容 完成表格所缺信息,每空一词(每小题1分,计10分)

  the world we live in is full of amazing things. do you know the following things?

  ★chocolate tastes nice but it may make a little dog die.

  ★we may sleep for eight hours at a time but a snail (蜗牛) may sleep for three years.

  ★our ears and nose become bigger when we grow up but eyes keep the same after a person is born.

  ★you may think a bear walks slowly. in fact, it can run as fast as a horse.

  ★cats won’t die if they fall off very high places because they can turn themselves up the right way.

  ★the largest animal on the earth is the blue whale (鲸). it weighs about 80 tons (吨)—more than 24 elephants.

  ★most animals will die soon if they lose the head. but a cockroach (蟑螂) can live for nine or ten days when they have no head.

  ★not all birds can fly. about forty kinds of birds can’t fly, like the penguin (企鹅) and the ostrich (鸵鸟).

  some (54)_______ things in the world

  (55)_______ it’s nice but you can’t give it to little (56) _______, because it can kill them.

  snails they can sleep as long as three (57) _______

  our eyes the size of the eyes doesn’t (58) ________ from birth.

  bears they can run very (59) _______ like a horse.

  cats after (60) _______ off very high places, they c an stay alive.

  blue whales they are the largest animal and a blue whale’s (61) _______ is about 80 tons.

  cockroaches they can live for nine or ten days (62) _______ the head.

  birds most birds are good at flying but some (63)_______

  54. 55. 56. 57. 58

  59 60. 61. 62 63.

  五、 词汇(共20小题,每小题1分,计20分)

  a. 根据句意和汉语提示写出单词,完成句子,每空一词。

  64.can you ___________ ( 描绘)what you have seen ?

  65.he comes from the _________________(农村). he can do much farmwork.

  66. giant pandas live__________(主要地)on a special kind of bamboo.

  67. are the animals there used to __________(面对) any problems ?

  68.it’s important for us to learn a ____________(外国的) language.

  b.根据句意用所给单词的适当形式填空。每空一词。

  69.please write down those ________(tour) telephone numbers.i’ll ask them

  some questions in a week.

  70. you have made many mistakes in this test.don’t be __________(care) again.

  71. he felt __________(sleep) in class in the daytime .tell him to go to bed earlier.

  72.my friends, i’ll tell you what to do and you must do it by ____________(you)

  73.bad weather sometimes _____________(cause) natural disasters.

  c.根据短文内容及首字母提示,填写所缺单词,使短文意思完整。

  in the forest a group of birds had a happy life ,a man came to the forest to c 74 these birds. he put a lot of rice on the g 75 and then put a net over the rice. after that, he climbed up a nearby tree to w 76 for the birds. the birds soon arrived. they saw the rice and flew down to eat the rice. suddenly, the leader of the birds shouted. “wait! no one leaves rice on the ground l 77 this. someone is trying to catch us.” but no one listened to him and they went on eating. they had only eaten a little when they w 78 _

  trapped in the net. the man got dowm from the tree and walked over to the birds.the birds were very n 79 _when they saw the man c 80 . “ what will happen to us?” thought the birds. then the leader s 81 , “ quickly,let’s fly toghther! one,two,fly!” in the e 82__ ,they lifted the net together and f 83 into the sky with the net.

  74 _________ 75___________ 76 ___________ 77 _________ 78 ___________

  79____________80___________81___________82 __________ 83. ____________

  六、 阅读表达(9分)

  a__________

  being safe in your everyday life needs knowledge. if you remember the following information ,your life will be much safer. always notice the environment around you. you shouldn’t walk alone outside. make sure where the public phones are. if anything b happens ,you can find them easily.

  your bag should be carried towards the front of your body instead of putting it on your back. when a bus is filled with people, it’s easy enough for a thief to take away the things in the bag on your back.

  if you are followed by someone you don’t know, cross the street and go to the other way, let the person understand that you know he or she is after you. next, don’t go home at once.you are safer in the street than your are alone in your home or in a lift(电梯).

  if you have to take a bus to a place far away, try to get to the stop a few minutes earlier before the bus leaves. this stops other people from studying you. on the bus, don’t sit alone. sit behind the driver or with other people . don’t sleep.

  84.在上面横线a处加符合文章意思的标题(8个字之内)_______________________.

  85.根据上下文和句意在b处填一个适当的单词 __________________(1分)

  86写出划线句子的同意句 _________________________________________.

  87 where are you safer when you are alone, in the street or in a lift? _________________

  88. where should you put your bag when you go out? _______________________.

  七、书面表达(共1题,计15分)

  请根据申请表内容完成90词左右的申请信

  name zhaoling date of birth 2000年10月20日

  tele. number 0519—82833988 email 83445133@qq.com

  school no.6 middle school grade 8

  favourite subjects 生物、英语 interests and hobbies 收集各种动物图片、听音乐

  activities to protect wildlife 去年春天和朋友一起去扎龙自然保护区参加了保护鸟类的活动。

  reasons 喜爱大自然,对植物动物感兴趣, 想要更多的了解鸟,人们砍伐树,鸟越来越少,想做些事情来保护鸟

  free time 每周六下午2点到5点

  dear chairperson,

  i’d like to join the birdingwatching society.

  ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  ______ __________________________________________________________________

  yours sincerely,

  zhaoling

  (d)任务型阅读, 每空一词。(10分)

  54. 55. 56. 57. 58.

  59. 60. 61. 62 63.

  五,词汇(每小题1分,共20分)

  a) 根据句意和汉语提示写出单词,完成句子,每空一词。(5分)

  64. 65. 66. 67. 68.

  b)根据句意用所给单词的适当形式填空。(5分)

  69. 70. 71 72. 73.

  c)根据短文内容及首字母提示,填写所缺单词,使短文意思完整。每空一词。(10分)

  74. __ 75. 76. 77. 78.

  79. 80. 81 _________ 82 ___________ 83__________

  六,阅读表达(85小题1分,其余每小题2分,共9分)

  84.在上面横线a处加符合文章意思的标题(8个字之内)

  _________________________________________________.

  85.根据上下文和句意在b处填一个适当的单词 (1分)___________ __________

  86写出划线句子的同意句

  _______________________________________________.

  87 where are you safer when you are alone, in the street or in a lift?

  ________________________________________________

  88. where should you put your bag when you go out?

  ________________________________________________.

  七、书面表达(共1题,计15分)

  请根据申请表内容完成90词左右的申请信

  name zhaoling date of birth 2000年10月20日

  tele. number 0519—82833988 email 83445133@qq.com

  school no.6 middle school grade 8

  favourite subjects 生物、英语 interests and hobbies 收集各种动物图片、听音乐

  activities to protect wildlife 去年春天和朋友一起去扎龙自然保护区参加了保护鸟类的活动。

  reasons 喜爱大自然,对植物动物感兴趣, 想要更多的了解鸟,人们砍伐树,鸟越来越少,想做些事情来保护鸟

  free time 每周六下午2点到5点

  dear chairperson,

  i’d like to join the birdingwatching society.

  __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  yours sincerely,

  zhaoling

  第一部分 听对话,回答问题。

  本部分共有5道小题,每小题你将听到一段对话,每段对话听两遍。

  1. m: jim has a big nose and small eyes.

  w: yes, but jack, jim’s brother, has a small nose and big eyes.

  2. w: would you go to the museum with me, paul?

  m: i'd like to, but i have to see the doctor. i'm afraid i've got a cold.

  3. w: jim, does the bus go to the children’s house?

  m: yes. let’s get on it.

  4. m: how big is this nature reserve?

  w: it covers an area of 210,000 hectares.

  5. w: hi, mike! i didn’t watch the basketball match on tv yesterday. was there anything interesting?

  m: yes. the match was between the rockets and the lakers. yao ming did a very good job. he helped the rockets win the game.

  第二部分 听对话或短文,回答问题。

  听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。各听两遍。

  m: what’s the weather like in beijing?

  w: it’s snowing, but it’s not very cold. the radio says it will be sunny tomorrow.

  m: does it often snow in winter?

  w: not very often, but there is much ice.

  m: what about spring there?

  w: it’s quite warm, but winds are strong sometimes.

  m: which season do you like better, spring or winter?

  w: i like winter better. i like skating. i can skate very well.

  听第一篇短文,回答8-10题。请根据短文内容,选择正确答案,完成信息记录表。

  good morning, boys and girls:

  our school plans to go to zhalong nature reserve to watch birds. here is the plan of the day.at 9.a.m, we will meet at the school gate on sunny street. the bus leaves at 9.25a.m. then we’ll arrive at zhalong nature reserve at 10.a.m. after we arrive there, we’ll do birdwatching, and count birds. at 11.45a.m, we must get on the bus in front of wildlife restaurant. it will bring us back to school.

  please come and support our activity.

  听第二篇短文,回答11-15题。

  one winter afternoon, a little mouse went out for a walk. suddenly, the mouse saw a hole. he thought it must be his friend’s, so he went into it.

  to his surprise, it wasn’t a mouse’s house, but a snake’s. several snakes were sleeping there. when they saw the little mouse, they didn’t pay attention to him or try to catch him. they just went on sleeping. the little mouse was afraid and ran away.

  after he got home, he told his mother what he had seen. his mother said: “don’t be afraid. snakes are our enemies, but they can’t catch you now. it’s time for their winter sleep. during their winter sleep, snakes never harm others. ”

  八年级英语期末测试题参考答案

  一、 听力(共15小题;每小题1分,计15分)

  1----5acbaa 6----10bbaca 11------15 cacab

  二、单项选择。(共15小题,每小题1分,计15分)

  16----20cbdca 21-----25addac 26------30.dcbbb

  三.完形填空。(共10小题;每小题1分,计10分。)

  31-----35 dacbc 36----40 bddac

  四、阅读理解 (共13小题,每小题2分,计26分)

  a.41----45cacba b. 46------49 dcca c.50-----53 bbac

  d.任务型阅读 (每小题1分,计10分)

  54. amazing 55.chocolate 56. dogs 57. years 58. change

  59.fast 60.falling 61.weight 62. without 63. can’t

  五、词汇(每小题1分,共20分)

  a) 根据句意和汉语提示写出单词,完成句子,每空一词。(5分)

  64.describe 65. countryside 66. mainly 67.facing 68.foreign

  b)根据句意用所给单词的适当形式填空。(5分)

  69.tourists’ 70. careless 71.sleepy 72. yourselves73. causes

  c)根据短文内容及首字母提示,填写所缺单词,每空一词。(10分)

  74. catch 75. ground 76. wait 77. like 78. were

  79. nervous 80. comimg 81. s houted 82. end 83 flew

  六,阅读表达(85小题1分,其余每小题2分,共9分)

  84.在上面横线a处加符合文章意思的标题(8个字之内)

  being safe in your everyday life / make your everyday life safe

  / how to make your everyday life safe

  七、书面表达评分标准:

  一. 评分原则:

  1. 本题总分为15分, 按五个档次给分。

  2. 评分时, 先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次, 然后以该档次的要求来衡量, 结合内容和语言表达, 综合给定分数。

  3. 考生可以根据要点适当发挥, 加入自己的观点.

  4. 少于80词的, 从总分中减去1分。

  5. 拼写错误多, 书写较差以致影响表达, 在所确定档次的分数范围内, 减去1 分。

  二. 各档次的给分范围和要求:

  第五档 (很好): (15-13分)

  完全完成了试题规定的任务, 涵盖了所有内容要点, 或在发挥时内容有新意或亮点; 语言基本无错误, 行文连贯, 表达清楚。

  第四档 (好): (12-10分)

  完成试题规定的任务, 涵盖了基本的内容要点; 语言有少量错误, 行文基本连贯, 表达基本清楚。

  第三档 (一般): (9-7分)

  基本完成了试题规定的任务, 写出了一些内容; 语言有一些错误, 行文不够连贯。

  第二档 (较差): (6-4分)

  未能恰当完成试题规定的任务, 只能写出个别要点; 语言错误较多, 未能清楚传达信息。

  第一档 (差):(3-0分)